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Angelito Nayan, Philippines Embassy, Jittima Srithaporn, Embassy of Thailand, Gougang Li, China's Ministry of Commerce with Kim Phan, Executive Director of ILI and Patrick Macrory, Director of ILI's International Trade Law Center.


In recognition of the United States hosting the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit in 2011, the International Law Institute (ILI) and the National Center for APEC jointly offered scholarships to individuals from APEC member economies to the ILI Seminar on Dispute Mechanisms of the WTO and Regional Trade Agreements which ran from January 17 to 21, 2011. Scholarships were awarded to: Mr. Gougang Li, Director of Anti-Dumping Division at the Ministry of Commerce in China; Mr. Angelito Nayan, Economic Officer at the Embassy of the Philippines; and Ms. Jittima Srithaporn, Trade Counselor at the Royal Thai Embassy.

The scholarships were awarded based upon the applicants' backgrounds and the relevancy of the seminar to their current and future work. Mr. Li has had experience drafting and amending trade remedy laws and regulations. Ms. Srithaporn's work at the Embassy covers trade, and she has also been involved in negotiating free trade agreements. Mr. Nayan hopes to join the Philippine mission to the WTO.

Participants received in-depth knowledge of how the WTO dispute settlement process works, which is unique among international organizations. The course covered the four main stages of the process: consultations, panel proceedings, appeals, and implementation of rulings. There were presentations on dispute settlement in WTO and regional trade agreements with emphasis on issues facing developing countries, proposed changes to the system, and investor-state arbitration under Bilateral Investment Treaties and regional trade agreements. Participants held a moot court representing disputing countries and the panel.   The course was led by Patrick Macrory, Director of ILI's International Trade Law Center and faculty included leading international trade experts who worked at USTR and had extensive experience in WTO litigation. They included Gary Horlick, former First Chairman of the WTO Permanent Group of Experts on Subsidies and one of the few Americans to sit as a WTO Panel member; James Mendenhall, former General Counsel of USTR; and Andrew Shoyer, head of the international practice at Sidley Austin and formerly chief litigator at the U.S. Mission to the WTO.

Participants left motivated to use their new-found knowledge. Mr. Li said the course would help him to settle disputes on behalf of China before the WTO. Ms. Srithaporn added that the course broadened her knowledge of the WTO Dispute Settlement mechanisms. Mr. Nayan found the seminar will help him as he prepares for a possible posting in the Philippine Mission to the WTO in Geneva. All participants conveyed their thanks to NCAPEC and ILI for giving them the opportunity to learn about the Dispute Mechanism of the WTO.