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The International Law Institute wishes to celebrate the lives of two very special and significant leaders in the rule of law and commemorate their significant contributions not only to ILI but more importantly to the foundations and expansion of legal, economic, social and political reforms in the United States and Russia.

 

 RHerzstein ...  mozolin vp

 Robert Herzstein

 

 Viktor Pavlovich Mozolin
It is with the deepest respect and condolences that the International Law Institute advises on the passing of Robert E. Herzstein.  Bob served as Chairman of the International Law Institute in the 1970's.  Bob's leadership and vision was critical in focusing ILI's mission and directing our organization as an independent provider of sophisticated and highly customized capacity building programs and technical assistance projects for developing countries and emerging economies.

Mr. Herzstein led an extraordinarily distinguished and influential career:

Robert earned his B.A., M.A. as well as his law degree from Harvard.

Bob served as Under Secretary – U.S. Department of Commerce.  In the practice of law Robert served as Chair and Senior Partner Miller & Chevalier, LLP, Partner of Arnold and Porter, LLP and Partner at Sherman & Sterling, LLP.  Bob was very conscious to assist and lead non governmental organizations and organizations focused on advancing social and economic advancements.  Robert served as Chairman of Partners for Democratic Change; Chairman of Gulf of Mexico States Partnership, Inc.; Chairman of the International Law Institute; Founding Director of the Appleseed Network; Board Member of the Council of the Americas, Inc. and served with the International Human Rights Law Group and was a founder and Board Member of the Senior Lawyer Project.

Robert Herzstein was noted as one of the best international lawyers and best lawyers in America for over 20 years.

 

TRADE

As U.S. Under Secretary for International Trade, US Department of Commerce  Robert was the first head of the International Trade Administration, which enforces the anti-dumping and countervailing duty laws. He negotiated access for U.S. businesses to the Chinese market, following the first trade agreement between the United States and the Peoples Republic of China, and negotiated market access and anti-dumping issues with Japan, Europe, and other countries.

In private practice Mr. Herzstein was lead counsel to Mexico in the NAFTA negotiations. Robert advised companies, trade associations, and governments on international trade, foreign investment, antitrust, and other aspects of government regulation of international markets.  He is consistently recognized for his work in the field of International Trade.  Robert litigated on behalf of U.S. and foreign clients in the U.S. courts and international tribunals on trade agreements and on questions of sovereign immunity, citizenship, extradition, and access to discovery abroad. He has represented parties in some of the largest U.S. countervailing duty and anti-dumping cases."1

 

TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

Robert may be most noted however for his efforts in political transparency and accountability.

 

NIXON  

Robert E. Herzstein sued to keep the Nixon papers public.

Robert E. Herzstein, who successfully sued on behalf of historians and journalists to prevent former President Richard M. Nixon from removing and even destroying his White House papers and tapes after his resignation, died on Thursday at his home in Washington. He was 83.

His daughter, Emily Herzstein, said the cause was heart disease resulting from scarlet fever, which he had contracted as a teenager.

Mr. Herzstein served as an under secretary of commerce during the Carter administration; became a consummate international trade lawyer for private corporations and governments; and promoted public justice, human rights and conflict resolution through several civic groups.

But his role in the Nixon case may be his greatest historical legacy. As a lawyer at Arnold & Porter, he was lead counsel in 1974 for a number of historians, political scientists and reporters who maintained that despite an agreement he had struck with the government, Nixon could not take possession of records created while he was in the White House.

Their legal challenge set in motion a chain of events that led to the National Archives' taking stewardship of the presidential papers and tapes, and to further revelations about the Watergate scandal and other backstage views of the Nixon administration.

Mr. Herzstein was credited with taking the initiative in challenging the deal that Nixon had made with the General Services Administration. It empowered Nixon, who had been pardoned by President Gerald R. Ford, to take his White House papers with him to his home in California.

"It struck me as pretty insulting," Mr. Herzstein said of the arrangement.

He insisted that the records belonged to the government, and that most of them should be publicly available under the Freedom of Information Act. Acting pro bono, he and several associates obtained a restraining order from a federal judge on behalf of the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, the American Political Science Association, the American Historical Association and other groups that he had enlisted to join the suit.

Their challenge encouraged Congress to pass legislation revoking the agreement with the General Services Administration and requiring government archivists to seize and preserve the White House records, amounting to 42 million pages of documents and 880 recordings. They were to return to Nixon only material deemed private.

Reversing itself, the Justice Department defended the new law and sided with the historians and reporters.

Nixon sued, but in 1977 the Supreme Court upheld the law's constitutionality.

- By SAM ROBERTS FEB. 17, 2015

 

Robert Herzstein is survived by his daughters Emily and Jessica, son Robert and two granddaughters.

Professor Viktor Pavlovich Mozolin died on February 15, 2015. He was a Doctor of Law, the Chief Scientific Researcher of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure at the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law.


Viktor Pavlovich was born on October 27, 1924 in the village of Yurino, Mari El Republic (Mari ASSR). At age 18 he joined the Soviet Army. From 1942 to 1944 he fought in the infantry (second lieutenant, commander of the infantry platoon) at the Stepnoi, the 1st and the 2nd Ukrainian Fronts, as part of the 80th Guards Division and the 99th Infantry Division. He was discharged from the Red Army in 1946 due to severe battle wounds. He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War 1st degree, the Order of the Patriotic War 2d degree and other medals.

In 1951 V.P. Mozolin graduated from Moscow State University where in 1954 he defended his thesis on "Civil procedural law under the Soviet Law". In 1967 he defended his doctoral thesis on "The legal status of business corporations and main development trends of legislation on corporations in the United States" at Moscow State University.

From 1954 to 1971 Mozolin was a lecturer, senior lecturer, associate professor and professor at Moscow State University. In 1961-1962 he was an invited scholar at Columbia University. In 1971-1981 he served as the Head of Department, Dean and Deputy Rector of the University of Peoples' Friendship.

From 1981 to 1999 he worked as the Chief Scientific Researcher at the Institute of the State and Law under the Russian Academy of Sciences. From December 1999 to January 2012 he headed the Department of Civil and Family Law at Moscow State Law Academy. At the time of his death, he taught at the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law.

Mozolin was a member of the Presidential Council of the Russian Federation for the codification and improvement of civil legislation (2003-2014) and the Scientific Advisory Board of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation. He served as an arbitrator at the International Commercial Arbitration Court under the Chamber of Commerce of the Russian Federation.

Viktor Pavlovich was an extremely active man fascinated by science, creative arts and sports. He raised two sons. The memory of this brilliant man and scientist, a fearless patriot will remain in our hearts.

Condolences to the relatives and colleagues of Viktor Pavlovich come from all over the world.

 

While with University of Peoples' Friendship, Professor Mozolin met with Prof. Don Wallace Jr., at Georgetown University Law Center where they formed a lifelong relationship. Both Prof. Mozolin and Prof. Wallace worked closely under IREX [International Research & Exchanges Board] on scholarly exchanges of experts between the US and the former USSR. Together,they established multiple exchanges and legal conferences.

 

Through the International Law Institute Prof. Mozolin published one book involving comparative contract law and property law in the US and the USSR.

 

Prof. Mozolin and the ILI maintained close relations and periodic exchanges throughout the years.

 

The International Law Institute recognizes Prof. Mozolin for his intellect, legal and economic reforms and never ending dedication to expanding rule of law.

 

--reprint: Press Release: The Institute of Legislative and Comparative Law Under the Government of the Russian Federation

 

 

SASAC 1  SASAC 2 

SASAC Meeting With US House of Representatives:
Ways and Means Committee

 SASAC at Los Angeles Mayor's Office
Dept of International Trade

 

The International Law Institute is honored to have worked closely with China's State-Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council [SASAC] on training designed to define U.S. policy, methodologies, legal regulations and compliance issues pertaining to Chinese State Owned Enterprises [SOEs] and their affiliates investing in the United States. The program also discussed current and future status of the US-Sino Bilateral Investment Treaty.

SASAC is responsible for all State-Owned Enterprises in China and operates approximately 113 central SOEs with additional investments in provincial and municipal entities.  China's SOEs operate domestically in China, as well as internationally. SASAC promotes and regulates China's SOEs outbound investments globally.  [http://www.sasac.gov.cn]

Training was conducted in Washington, DC and Los Angeles.

  

SASAC 3
Quinn Emanuel, LLP Discusses Protocols of Corporate Counsel in the US

 

The delegation was comprised of senior level officials representing central and provincial SASAC bureaus and central and provincial SOEs and investment firms.

The delegation was led by Mr. Yi Xuedong, Division Chief - Bureau of Policies, Law and Regulations – SASAC [Central Office – Beijing] along with Mr. Li Miao, Investigator - Bureau of Property Rights Management – SASAC; and Mr. Li Shuo, Cadre - Bureau of Laws and Regulations.

Included in this esteemed delegation were: Mr. Xu Risheng – Power Construction Corporation of China, Ltd.; Mr. Hu Aimin – Baosteel Group Corporation; Mr. Zhang Rui – China Merchants Group Ltd.; Mr. Zhu Ge - China Beijing Equity Exchange; Mr. Wang Huaiyuan – China Telecommunications Corporation; Mr. Lu Xizhu – China Metallurgical Geology Bureau; Mr. Ci Zhengkai – CCCC Second Harbor Consultants Co. Ltd.; Ms. Liu Hong -  China Academy of Building Research; Mr. Xing Yonggang – China National Pharmaceutical Group Corporation; Mr. Zhang Xiangnan – China Nonferrous Metal Mining Group Co. Ltd.;  Mr. Huang Qiang – China National Aviation Holding Company; Ms. Chen Xiaohong – SINOCHEM Group; Mr. Zheng Jinliang – China Academy of Telecommunication Technology; and Mr. Yu Qianyong – SASAC of Heilongjiang Province.

This program was supported by an extraordinary team of training partners from the U.S. government, academia, law firms and private sector organizations.  This program provided the delegation unprecedented access to U.S. policy officials and legal experts.

ILI most respectfully acknowledges assistance from Prof. Theodore Moran, Georgetown University; the U.S. House of Representatives – House Ways and Means Committee; the law firm of Akin Gump, Straus, Hauer, Feld, LLP.; the law firm of DLA Piper, LLP; the law firm of Baker & McKenzie, LLP;  U.S. Treasury – Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States [CFIUS]; U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission; Office of the U.S. Trade Representative; U.S. Department of Commerce; U.S. Department of State; Lead Negotiators for the US/SINO BIT; the World Bank; representatives from Marsh USA/Guy Carpenter/Oliver Wyman/Mercer; the law firm of Dentons, LLP; Roundtable of Chinese American Organizations; the law firm of Quinn Emanuel, LLP; the law firm of Morgan Lewis, LLP; and office of Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti – Department of International Trade.

Special appreciation to Ms. Wang Kun; Ms. Ren Jie; Ms. Hu Qing; Ms. Wang Qian; Ms. Zou Yingjun; Ms. Sunny Wang and Mr. Wu Fan for their expert development and administration. Robert Sargin, ILI Deputy Director led this program.

 

SASAC 4 SASAC 5

Meeting with US Dept of Commerce; US Dept. of State;
Office of the US Trade Representative; US-SINO BIT Negotiators.
Ms. Audrey Winter, USTR (left center) and Mr. Yi Xuedong,
SASAC (right center) Providing Concluding Statements 

SASAC at World Bank

 

The International Law Institute is very proud of our long and constructive relationship with the People’s Republic of China beginning in 1979.  We hope that this training and conferences will provide a greater understanding of Chinese foreign investment in the U.S. and provide mutual benefit to both countries.

 

January 2015 - - Robert Sargin

  

FORMER TOP US PRESIDENTIAL AIDE LEADS PANEL OF DISTINGUISHED SPEAKERS AT FIRST NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PROCUREMENT

A former top US presidential aide who served three American Presidents, Dr. Allan Burman is amongst top speakers expected at the 2014 National Conference on Public Procurement (NACOPP), scheduled for November 10th and 11th, at the Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja.

The conference, to be declared open by President Goodluck Jonathan, is being organised by the nascent National Public Procurement Forum (NPPF). The NPPF according to Conference Planning Committee Chair, Ms. Arinola Giwa Amu, is a union between Public Procurement entities at the Federal and State levels in a renewed bid to forge a working relationships at key tiers of government.

Giwa Amu, who is also Senior Special Adviser, Due Process, to the Delta State Governor, revealed that Federal and State Public Procurement entities are convinced that the procurement reform will grow better if awareness is continuously created amongst public procurement functionaries.

It is the reason why NPPF is, besides inviting Mr. Burman, also expecting Executive Director of the Washington based International Law Institute (ILI), Ms. Kim Phan and notable Nigerian procurement scholar, Dr. Sope Williams Elegbe from the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa.

Burman, she narrated, has the unique experience of serving under three US Presidents including Ronald Reagan, George Bush (Sr) and Bill Clinton, before establishing the reputable Jefferson Consulting in Washington.

While Phan is prominent in the evolution and development of the Public Procurement reform in Nigeria from 1999, Williams Elegbe is expected to provide a rich African perspective through a comparative examination of the reform progress amongst African countries.

Giwa Amu had earlier stressed at a press conference that though Nigeria has a federal system of government, where the federating units have rights to enact and implement independent laws. The Federal and the state governments have however decided to come together under this forum in the greater interest of the country.

The Forum is made up of one procurement head representing each of the 6 geo-political zones, and the Bureau of Public Procurement at the Federal level as chair. Membership of the forum from the geo-political zones will be rotational and be determined within each of the Zones.

She added: “the conference shall have representatives from all the states of the federation and the Federal Government which will be represented by the Bureau of Public Procurement (BPP).  It is important to state that the public procurement reform in Nigeria has come to stay. This is because it is one sure way to ensure transparency, competition and quality in the public contracting system.  

“Developing nations of the world are partly defined by their commitment to due process. We cannot afford to be left behind! One sure way of ensuring progress in the implementation of the public procurement procedures is to have a synergy between all levels Government in its application” 

 

NACOPP ADVERT

 

 

--reprint: Press Release: Dr. Abiodun Adeniyi

 

6    5

 Yonah Alexander highlights regional conflicts and the limited reach and enforcement of international standards of law

 

The International Law Institute recently hosted a forum sponsored and originated by the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies; the International Center for Terrorism Studies, at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies; the Inter- University Center for Legal Studies; and the Center for National Security Law, at the University of Virginia Law School.

The conference titled "The Fog of War: Is the Rule of Law Still Relevant?" 

The forum tests conventional relevance of the intenational rule of law in light of the latest armed and social hostilities in the Ukraine, Syria, Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan, Gaza, and elsewhere. Discussion focused on current sources of law and their enforcement systems to serve the causes of stability, peace, and justice.

Speaking at the seminar was Professor Don Wallace, Jr., Chairman - International Law Institute; Professor Yonah Alexander Director - Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies; Professor David Koplow, Former Special Counsel for Arms Control - General Counsel of the Department of Defense; Professor Nicholas Rostow, Former Legal Adviser - National Security Council; Issam Michael Saliba, Senior Foreign Law Specialist for the Middle East and North Africa – Law Library of Congress; Professor Anthony Clark Arend, Former co-director of the Institute for International Law & Politics; Professor Kenneth Anderson, Professor of Law – American University Washington College of Law; and General (ret.) Alfred Gray, Twenty-Ninth Commandant of the United States Marine Corps.

Additional information on this subject and speakers may be found at the Potomac Institute: http://www.potomacinstitute.org/ 

China Post 1
Mr. Li Ming, Deputy General Manager - China Post, Prof. Don Wallace Jr, Chairman of ILI (center) stand with China Post Delegation

 

The International Law Institute was pleased to host a delegation from the China Post Group in conferences on Postal Service Operational Systems Development in the Age of Big Data.

China Post Group is the official postal service of the People's Republic of China.  China Post also provides full-function commercial banking and comprehensive financial services throughout China.

The delegation was led by Mr. Li Ming, Deputy General Manager, Level II Enterprise Development Department, China Post Group. Accompanying Mr. Li here were Mr. Hu Hong, Manager- Marketing & Sales Department, China Post Group; Mr. Shi Ming, Manager-Marketing & Sales Department, China Post Group; Mr. Qu Lei Da, Manager- Marketing & Sales Department, China Post Group; Mr. Han Qing, Manager- Enterprise Development Department, China Post Group; Mr. Jiang Xuefeng, Deputy Manager- Enterprise Development Department, China Post Group; Mr. Liu Huiting, Business Manager- Human Resources Department, China Post Group; Mr. Zhang Bailong, Director-Information & Technology Department, China Post Group; Ms. Shi Yun, Deputy Director-Information & Technology Department, China Post Group; Ms. Li Fengmin, Deputy Director- Information & Technology Department, China Post Group; Mr. Zhou Yinjia, Deputy Director- Information & Technology Department, China Post Group; Ms. Diao Xiaochun, Engineer-Information & Technology Department, China Post Group; Mr. Yu Lei, Assistant Engineer- Information & Technology Department, China Post Group; Ms. Wang Xiaojie, Manager- Marketing Department, Beijing Postal Company; Mr. Yang Songhui, Director General-Information & Technology Bureau, China Post Group; Ms. Yang Shaofeng, Director General- Information & Technology Bureau, Fujian Provincial Post Company; Mr. Jiang Wenjun, Director- Electronic Commerce Bureau, Henan Provincial Post Company; Mr. Chen Xudong, Manager- Enterprise Development Department, Hubei Provincial Post Company; Mr. Cai Hexi, Deputy Director General - Information& Technology Bureau, Guangdong Provincial Post Company and Mr. Jin Weiping, Vice Dean-Shanghai Research Institute, China Post group.

The training focused on Big Data Application and Management; American Enterprise's Response to Big Data; Application of Big Data Technology in Postal Enterprises; Big Data Improvements in Decision Making for Management and Government. Training partners and conference providers during this program included Stony Brook University of New York; Goldman Sachs Group - NY; Deloitte Consulting; US Postal Service Headquarters - DC and speakers from the Brookings Institute.

 

China Post 2
Darrell West lectures on big data usage at the macro government level

 

ILI would like to thank representatives from Deloitte Consulting; Mr. John Medel and his colleagues from Goldman Sachs - NYC; Ms. Modi Delgado the the executives from U.S. Postal Service; and Mr. Darrell M. West from Brookings Institute for thier special support and technical expertise in this program.

ILI would also like to thank ILI Associates Ms. Hu Qing, Ms. Wang Qian and Ms. Zou Yingjun for their significant contribution to the formation and success of this program.  The training was co-hosted by Robert Sargin, International Law Institute and Stony Brook University. ILI also wishes to extend special appreciation to Ms. Fang Lijuan from Beijing Fulunda Information Consulting Company for her administration of this conference series.

In commemoration of his long and distinguished careers as a Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center; as Chairman of the International Law Institute; as the U.S. Delegate to the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL); Legal Adviser to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID); President of the American Bar Association Section on International Law; Presiding officer of International Institute for the Unification of Private Law Foundation (UNIDROIT); and Of Counsel to a number of prominent international law firms including Winston & Strawn LLP, Morgan Lewis LLP, Arnold & Porter LLP, and Shearman & Sterling LLP. among others, Georgetown University Law Center will host a reception to honor Prof. Wallace and shall dedicate to him the publication of a Festschrift entitled "A Revolution in the International Rule of Law: Essays in Honor of Professor Don Wallace Jr."      (Sabahi, Birch, Laird, Rivas eds., Juris Publishing 2014).

Friends, colleagues and interested parties are welcome to join in this very special occasion.

 

Professor Don Wallace, Jr.

D Wallace Jr

 


Please join us on:

November 4, 2014
5:00 p.m. – 7:00 p.m.

Georgetown University Law Center Eric E. Hotung International Law Building
Hotung Dining Room 550 First Street, NW Washington, DC


Please click here to RSVP by October 28th

 


The Festschrift may be purchased on Juris Publishing website at: http://www.jurispub.com/cart.php?m=product_detail&p=17099
.

 

 

 Ugandan Justices

Members of the Delegation of Ugandan Supreme Court and Court of Appeal Justices

 

A visiting delegation of justices from the Ugandan Supreme Court and Court of Appeal participated in a study tour on Comparative Appellate Justice Systems coordinated by the ILI's affiliate office in Uganda, the ILI-African Centre for Legal Excellence, during the week of August 18, 2014. The ten justices -- Esther Kisaakye Kitimbo, Galdino Okello, J. W. N. Tsekooko, Stella Arach Amoko, Augustine Nshimye, Rubby Aweri Opio, Eldad Mwangusya, Faith E. Mwondha, Kenneth Kakuru, and Lilian Tibatemwa Ekirikubinza -- joined U.S. 6th Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Bernice Donald and Michigan Court of Appeals Judge Cynthia Stephens for a workshop focused on best practices in judicial administration, case management, judicial writing, and the use of technology. The delegation also met with officials at the US Supreme Court and the District of Columbia Court of Appeals.  

Ugandan Ambassador to the United States Oliver Wonekha greeted the delegation at a closing reception held at the ILI’s office in Georgetown on August 21, 2014. This was the second in a series of interactive and hands-on capacity-building workshops for Ugandan justices coordinated by ILI-ACLE with the aim of promoting more efficient and effective judicial appellate processes. The outgoing Ugandan Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Odoki led the previous delegation, which included several other Supreme Court and Court of Appeal justices. The President of the Uganda Law Society Ruth Sebatindira and other judiciary officials also participated in the Washington study tours.  

 

 

 

Heidelberg-2014-P1080519-sm  Heidelberg-2014-P1080485-sm Heidelberg-2014-P1080479-sm

 

 

 

On May 16, the International Law Institute and the Heidelberg University Law Faculty co-sponsored the Heinrich Kronstein Symposium in Heidelberg, Germany, on Antitrust Law in Global Contexts.

The symposium brought together German and American law professors, attorneys and government officials, including from the German Federal Cartel Office (Bundeskartellamt).  Several  Kronstein Fellows from Germany and Switzerland also participated.  ILI Chairman Don Wallace joined Prof. Peter Mueller-Graff of Heidelberg University in presiding over the conference, which highlighted the influence of Prof. Heinrich Kronstein, the founder of ILI, on the development of antitrust law in German and Europe.

A number of panelists highlighted Prof. Kronstein’s groundbreaking research and influence in breaking up German cartels and promoting  fair competition.  Kronstein’s ideas formed the basis for linking important democratic values with the protection of competition in Germany after World War II.  

The symposium also focused on the increasing importance of the role of antitrust and competition law in developing countries today.  Some 130 countries around the world, it was pointed out, have now enacted competition laws (up from 20 in 1990), and many, such as China, have established government authorities that are beginning to take a more active role in implementing national competition laws.

In addition to the symposium, members worked to consider scholarships, joint training program and international exchanges to advance the rule of law in developing countries and emerging economies in commemoration of Heinrich Kronstein's lifelong initiatives.

 

 

International Law Institute, Fostering Prosperity Through the Rule of Law
The International Law Institute and the Asian Development Bank NARO Office Presents:

U.S. ENGAGEMENT WITH ASIA THROUGH THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
June 11, 2014

Featuring:

Robert M. Orr
U.S. Ambassador
Asian Development Bank

On June 11, 2014, US Ambassador Robert M. Orr delivered remarks at the International Law Institute (ILI) in Washington, DC on U.S. engagement with Asia through the Asian Development Bank (ADB). This special event was co-sponsored by ILI and ADB’s North American Regional Office.

The Asia-Pacific region is home to over half the world’s population and is the fastest growing region in the world. But while much of Asia is experiencing robust economic growth, the region faces key development challenges, including rapid urban population growth, large pockets of poverty, food insecurity, environmental degradation, corruption and fragile institutions of governance.

The ADB is playing a critical role in efforts to address these challenges. The United States has contributed more than $25 billion in overall capital subscription to the ADB since joining in 1966. During his recent visit to Asia, President Barack Obama expressed support for “broader and more inclusive development and prosperity” in the Asia Pacific. U.S. development policy in Asia has focused on a range of issues including: health, education, infrastructure, rule of law, good governance and expanding trade and investment opportunities.

Speaker’s Bio: Prior to becoming U.S. Ambassador to ADB, Ambassador Robert Orr served as President of Boeing Japan and Vice President and Director of European Affairs for Motorola SA/NV. Ambassador Orr was also Director & Associate Professor at the Institute of Pacific Rim Studies at Temple University of Japan, and Director & Visiting Associate Professor at the Stanford University Japan Center. Earlier in his career, Ambassador Orr served as a Special Assistant for Asia at the US Agency for International Development and as a staff member with the US House of Representatives Subcommittee on Asia and Pacific Affairs.

Ambassador Orr completed his Ph.D. from the University of Tokyo, and has Master’s Degree from Georgetown University and a Bachelor’s Degree from Florida Atlantic University. His book, "The Emergence of Japan's Foreign Aid Power" published by Columbia University Press, won the 1991 Ohira Prize for best book on the Asia Pacific.